Impacted wisdom teeth can occur when a tooth does not erupt correctly and gets lodged in the gum tissue or jawbone. The condition occurs because the third molar at the back of your mouth does not have sufficient space to erupt correctly. Some of the warning signs of impacted wisdom teeth include:
Red and Swollen Gums
Red and swollen gums, also known as pericoronitis, often occurs due to impacted wisdom teeth. It occurs when your teeth partially break out your gum tissues. A soft tissue grows over the partially erupted tooth and encourages the trapping of bacteria and food particles in this area. If you don't properly brush your teeth or eliminate the food debris, it will lead to redness and swelling.
The impacted teeth are anchored at an odd angle, making dental practices such as brushing and flossing impossible. Bacteria and food particles will accumulate in the teeth leading to lousy breath. The first indication that you have impacted wisdom teeth is bad breath.
Pain When Chewing and Biting
When your wisdom teeth are lying horizontally and trapped under the gums, you will experience intense pain when chewing food. The gums surrounding the teeth can also be infected and inflamed, which will cause severe pain. Since the swelling is near the jaw muscle, you will find it hard to open and close your mouth. Pressure applied when chewing will press on the swelling and cause severe pain.
Tooth Decay and Gum Disease
Partially erupted wisdom teeth make your teeth more susceptible to decay and caries. The teeth are pretty hard to clean, and food and bacteria will get trapped in these areas. You are also at risk of gum diseases due to infections. Your dentist will recommend early extraction of the wisdom before it causes damage to the underlying structures.
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